Uranga Division is one of the five divisions in Siaya districts and covers approximately 183 square kilometers (KMS), with a population of 42,783 persons. The population is threatened by:
High mortality rates, partly as a result of HIV/AIDS related deaths
High levels of malnutrition
High rates of out-migration to other towns especially by young able bodied men in search of employment.
HIV/AIDS prevalence in Siaya district1 is high among the productive age group (15-49 years).
It is estimated to be in the range of 38.4% and is the highest in Nyanza Province having increased from 36.9% in 1997.
The impact is mainly felt at the village level due to the increasing number of orphans who are in and out of school; increasing number of female headed and child headed households and the high drop-out rates in schools among others2.
Siaya District’s school drop-out rates stand at 8.8% for girls and 7.4 % for boys which calls for more action to save the girl child. Absolute poverty accounts for about 57.93% while those without food accounts for 52.60% of the district’s population.
The causes of poverty are diverse and include:
Poor soil leading to low yields,
Over reliance on traditional methods of agriculture
Unpredictable rainfall patterns
High rate of deaths due to HIV/AIDS
Collapse of the main cash crops such as cotton in the district
Lack of industries and cultural beliefs and practices.
The TACKLE (Tackling Child Labor through Education) program has addressed the root causes of child labor in Kabura-Uhuyi Location in Uranga Division, through empowering the community to produce adequate food to support school lunch feeding program for the children.
The project has created community structures which have supported children at risk of dropping out of school into child labor and placed them in schools.
The community structures have also served as social safety nets which include Village Anti-Child Labor Committee and Village Education Trust Fund Committee.